Glossary

F

Facilities Drivers

The Facilities Driver is in charge of and drives any vehicle hired from a facilities company during a production. These vehicles could include Makeup and Costume trailers.

Final Post (Conform, Audio, Online, Grade and Deliverables)

The operations involved in Final Post are directed towards producing a final, broadcastable master tape. This includes auto-conforming the master tapes using the EDL to make an exact match to the offline, colour grading, adding any titles or effects. Once the mixed sound track is laid back onto the master tape, copies can be made for a variety of uses including, broadcast in various formats and producing masters for the creation of DVD's, foreign versions and other deliverables.

Fixer

The Fixer is a person hired by a production who is a local in what might be a foreign location to the production. They make all arrangements ahead of the production's arrival, facilitating locations, permissions, accommodation, transport arrangements etc. For documentaries they're also a vital liaison when finding contributors and translating during filming.

Floor Assistant

The Floor Assistant or Assistant Floor Manager (frequently abbreviated to AFM) is the television equivalent of a 3rd Assistant Director and works on a variety of productions taking place in a television studio. They're responsible for setting a stage and prompting contributors or actors on the studio floor and ensuring that everyone knows their place in the script, freeing the Floor Manager for other duties. They often oversee a team of Runners. Increasingly, Assistant Floor Managers are being asked to assist with the design and preparation of props, as well as setting and resetting the action on the studio floor.

Floor Manager

The Floor Manager in a television studio is the Director's representative on the studio floor, equivalent to a 1st Assistant Director on a film. They're responsible for relaying instructions and direction to crew, cast and guests. They're frequently heard barking orders to keep a production moving to schedule. The Floor Manager is always in direct contact with the Director via talkback to the gallery.

Focus Puller

See 1st Assistant Camera.

Focus Puller (Steadicam)

The job of the focus puller assisting a Steadicam operator is the same as when focus pulling on a regular camera, keeping the action in focus when everything is moving. The only difference being the actual focus adjustment is done using a radio link between the focus puller's hand held device and a motor on the lens.

Food Stylist

The Food Stylist works generally on commercials and photographic shoots. Their job is to make the food look attractive in the finished photograph. The main difference between how a chef may present food and what a stylist does, is in the time and effort a stylist takes to carefully and artfully arrange the food. Also required is the visual know how, and ability to translate the perception of taste, aroma and appeal that one gets from an actual dish, to a two-dimensional photograph.

Food stylists have culinary training, some are professional chefs or have a background in home economics.

Foley Editor

Foley Editors are responsible for recording and indeed performing, the post-synchronised sound effects for a film. It's done in a studio to the projected film. Foley is generally sounds related to movements, either that of a character or an object, footsteps, fights, fist banging on a door etc, or pouring wine, shards of glass falling from a broken window etc.

More subtle sounds are also added, the rustling of clothing or the squeak of a saddle when a rider mounts his horse; or of enhancing explosions or crashes which give scenes the realism that other effects methods cannot provide. Named after Jack Foley at Universal Studios.

G

Gaffer

The Gaffer is the chief electrician on a film set or in a television studio. They work with the Lighting Director or Director of Photography (DOP). They are responsible for all the practical aspects of lighting sets and locations. Their instructions for the setting of the lights go down through their team via the Best Boy then to the other Electricians.

Generator Operator

The Generator (Genny) Operator is a specialist role within the Lighting Department, and one a Lighting Technician may choose after initial training and some working experience. They maintain and operate the generators which are taken to, and used at, locations where an electricity supply is difficult to obtain, or is insufficient for the requirements of the production, e.g., in a desert, in a field, on a bus or boat.

Graphic Designer

A Graphic Designer also known as a Graphic Artist is a professional within the graphic design industry who assembles together images, typography or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A Graphic Designer creates the graphics for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures and advertising. They are also sometimes responsible for typesetting, illustration and web design.

Graphic Operator

In television, The Graphic Operator prepares and displays on-screen graphics in a studio gallery.

Greensman

Greensmen work for the design department and are responsible for procuring, placing, and maintaining any vegetation (foliage and other greenery) on film sets.. Liaising with Production Designers, Greensmen use foliage and greenery either to transform a location to fit script requirements, or to build a landscape in a studio. Projects vary enormously and, depending on individual production requirements, Greensmen may have to outfit a conservatory, landscape the lawns of a period mansion, or create alien swamps. On large-scale productions, Greensmen may oversee a team which includes Greens Foremen, Standby Greensmen and Nurserymen.

Grip

The role of the Grip in the camera department, is to maintain and operate all the equipment that supports the camera. This equipment includes tripods, dollies, tracks, jibs, cranes, and static rigs, and is constructed of lightweight yet heavy-duty parts, requiring a high level of experience to operate and move. Every scene in a feature film is shot using one or more cameras, each mounted on highly complex, extremely expensive, equipment. Grips assemble this equipment according to the requirements of the shot and push, pull, mount or hang it from a variety of settings. The equipment can be as basic as a tripod standing on a studio floor, to hazardous operations such as mounting a camera on a 100 ft crane.

Grip - Technocrane

Equipment such as the highly maneuverable Technocrane requires two grips to operate, one to swing the crane arm and one to operate the tracking base. Sometimes, the potential length of this type of crane requires a third grip to control the descent of the camera at the far end on the crane.

Grip Assistant

The Grip Assistant works with the Grip in constructing the various pieces of equipment used to mount the camera and also assists in pushing the dolly or tracking base of a crane.

H

Hair Supervisor

The Hair Supervisor is responsible for the overall design and execution of hair styling on feature films. They are in charge of the Hairdressing Department. As well as styling and dressing performers' natural hair, they also design, make, style, dress and apply all wigs, and hairpieces. They work closely with Costume Designers and Chief Make-up Artists to ensure that each artist's overall "look" complements every aspect of the script. They also research and create the hair design, supervise its application, and oversee its continuity throughout the shoot. They're also responsible for setting up the department, drawing up the budget and schedule, hiring staff, and organizing facilities.

Hairdresser

Hairdressers work on feature films and on some commercials and pop promos. They liaise closely with colleagues in the Hair, Make-up and Costume Departments, as well as with Directors, Actors and extras. They prepare performers' scalp and skin and create hairstyles to suit production requirements. They also work with wigs, hair pieces, and hair extensions and may be required to use chemical solutions, and to administer hair and scalp treatments as necessary. They oversee hair continuity during shoots, and remove products as required.

Head of Production

The person in overall charge of production at a film studio such as Warner Bros. They're responsible for all green lighting all projects and for keeping tracks of their progress in terms of budget and what is expected to be delivered and at what time. In television, the Head of Production, generally works for a production company and has a similar role being ultimately responsible to the CEO.

Hire Cars

Hire Cars are cars hired by the production for use by the various production personnel during pre-production and during shooting.

Honey Wagon

The Honey Wagon is a caravan type vehicle which houses the portable toilets used on a film location.

I

J

Jib

The arm of a camera crane.

Jib Assistant

Assistant to the Jib Operator.

Jib Operator

The person who moves the jib arm part of a crane.

Jimmy Jib Operator

A Jimmy Jib is a camera support constructed of a long and slim pole or an angle sectioned arm. It's slim shape and lightweight make it easy to assemble and easy for one person to operate. It has a remote head at the end which can also be operated by the same person.

Junior Researcher

A member of the research team on a television programmed who would be briefed by the Producer or senior researcher to carry out further development of a programme idea. They identify relevant stories, contributors, locations or archive material etc. and gather and assess information from various sources, and ensure that legal, compliance and copyright requirements are met.